Previous studies identified the need for new wastewater treatment facilities and sewerage improvements in the area of Mitrovica.
The objective of this assignment is to identify and prepare any additional material necessary to complete a technically, environmentally and socially compliant study related to the Mitrovica project area, adding the wider Vushtrri catchment to the project area. Vustrri Municipality is located upstream with a population of approx. 60.000.
The study analyses the technical and economic feasibility of two options: treatment of the wastewater from Vushtrri in one WWTP in Mitrovica or treatment in a separate dedicated WWTP.
The purpose of the assignment is to supervise the implantation of water supply and sanitation works in Cantemir and to implement a capacity development programme for the water utility and future operator of the new infrastructure.
The works to be supervised are tendered in a single FIDIC Yellow Book contract and comprise the following components:
The duties comprise the full tasks and responsibilities of the Engineer according to FIDIC up to performance certificate.
The activities under the capacity development component comprise:
The Serbian National Waste Management Strategy for 2010 – 2019 calls for a “planned network of regional waste management centers”. KfW is supporting the Government of Serbia (specifically the Ministry of Construction, Transport, and Infrastructure in its effort to develop integrated solid waste management (ISWM) systems for two propose waste catchment (WCA) areas i.e. Krusevac and Vranje, each including 6 “satellite” municipalities. The development of the solid waste collection, separation, transport and deposting at regional landfills to be constructed is ongoing. P&P has been engaged by the Government of Serbia for the provision of financial analysis services within the framework of the Main Program. The scope of works includes financial and institutional services, with primary focus on development of comprehensive tariff models for the two regional systems (14 public enterprises (PUCs) and support in developing an institutional arrangement (inter-municipal agreements) acceptable to the participating cities and municipalities.
Khobi II is a typical run-of-river hydropower scheme and comprises a lateral intake with a concrete weir structure in the river with 8m height, a sand trap, a 6.6km long headrace tunnel, a steel penstock of 660m and a powerhouse equipped with two Pelton units with installed capacity of some 45MW. The gross head is 278m with a design flow of some 20m³/s.
P&P was contracted to carry out the services of the Lender’s Engineer and a full-scale Design and Planning Review upon commencement of the EPC contract. This review comprises:
A comprehensive report shall be prepared for the developer and the banks financing the investment.
A water treatment plant shall be constructed for PUC Kikinda, the local utility aiming to treat the water origin from a well field currently pumped directly into the water supply network of the town. The plant shall comply with EU and Serbian drinking water legislation, latter requiring a very stringent Bor and Sodium removal. The investment is financed by KfW and the Republic of Serbia.
P&P was contracted to revise and update tender documents based on FIDIC Yellow Book duly considering the latest decisions made on the treatment target and facilities to be constructed and incorporating comments received by the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure as PEA of the KfW Programme and by PUC and its consultants. The treatment process is based on findings from a pilot plant performed by DVGW-Technologiezentrum Wasser (TZW).
The revision to be carried out on the tender documents aims to ensure consistency within the tender dossiers and provide an unambiguous basis for carrying out the works and especially the testing of the plant. Functional guarantees will be defined accordingly.
The project has been awarded within the EU FWC SIEA 2018 - LOT 1: Sustainable management of natural resources and resilience and aims at a Midterm-Final Evaluation of the IPA 2013 Programme to Albania in the field of Environment and Climate Change. Two service and two grant contracts with a total budget ot EUR 17.8M are subject to the evaluation, namely:
A comprehensive Evaluation of the effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and EU Added value & Coherence of the Action following the DCED Guidelines is being carried out. The services comprise an inception phase, desk phase, field phase synthesis and disseminations phase.
Feasibility Studies (FS) for sewerage network expansion, interceptors and new wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) were performed for the towns of Gjilan (Regional Water Company Hidromorawa) in 2013 and for Mitrovica (Mitrovica Regional Water Company) in 2015, with WWTP capacities of 92,000 and 66,000 PE. The financing banks require updating of the FSs and performing the environmental and social due-diligence. The assignment includes updating baseline data, validation of the technical solutions, preparation of tariff model, financial and economic analysis, environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) including preparation of screening report, environmental and social audit of the regional water companies, environmental & social action plan, land acquisition and livelihood restoration framework, stakeholder engagement plan and the non-technical summary; furthermore, preparation of the Green Economy Transition (GET) Report, refresh the Procurement and Implementation Strategy taking into consideration EBRD’s Procurement Policies and Rules and EIB’s Guide to Procurement.
Lake Ludas was classified as a RAMSAR site in 1977 and Lake Palic is a Nature Park and part of the Kamaras Landscape Protection Area. Both are shallow Pannonian lakes and home of a large number of bird species. Lake Palic was also a recreational centre in former times till the environmental and biodiversity degradation took place. Both lakes are hypertrophic resulting in blue algae blossoming, frequent fish kill and bad odours. Reducing the phosphorus discharge to the lakes was identified as one priority issue for improving the water quality, since the effluent of the Subotica wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) constitutes the main lake inflow. Another issue is that wastewater from village Palic is discharged untreated. Establishing a buffer zone of bushes and trees between agricultural land and the lakes shall reduce diffuse nitrogen and phosphorus release to the lake and reduce wind erosion. Overpopulation of the crucian carp contributes to water pollution and requires biomanipulation interventions. For addressing the above, the Biodiversity Programme was developed including five investment components i) improvement of the WWTP effluent, ii) expansion of Palic sewerage network and iii) pumping the collected wastewater to the Subotica WWTP, iv) establishment of a buffer zone with bicycle track, visitor view points and procurement of buffer zone maintenance equipment for the Public Enterprise (PE) Palic-Ludas and v) biomanipulation for Lake Palic which includes reduction of the Prussian carp population and introduction of predator fish. The investment programme is supported by three Accompanying Measures i) technical assistance (TA) to the PUC Subotica Waterworks, ii) TA to PE Palic-Ludas and iii) TA to the City of Subotica.
Click here for to see a short promotion video for the programme.
The aim of this project is to upgrade, rehabilitate and expand the water distribution network in Lilongwe, the capital of Malawi. The length of the Lilongwe Water Board’s (LWB) water distribution network is approx. 1,758 km serving a total of 67,518 connections and about 70% of the fast-growing population are currently served.
The network is generally characterised by low operating pressures and frequent interruption of supply due to a combination of minimum elevation difference between the reservoir and the customers, insufficient hydraulic capacity of some key pipes and leakage.
With financial support from the World Bank LWB is now implementing 3 investment packages, namely:
The Belarusian water sector is currently fragmented having a large number of small municipal water utility companies in most cases owned by the Regions which are unable to utilize economies of scale. The capacity of these companies to properly manage the operation of the facilities at quality level and to undertake the much-needed large reconstruction projects is relatively weak. Their organisational structure and management practices are often suboptimal.
The Ministry of Housing and Communal Services, who is the main regulatory body in the sector, would like to assess the possibilities of regionalising the water operations via merging the individual utility companies on an Oblast level or in another similar way. The Ministry has selected Vitebsk Region as a pilot region for the purposes of this study.
The aim of this study is to help assess the regionalisation opportunities for water utilities in Vitebsk Region and allow the Ministry to assess the possibilities of regionalising at the state level.
In a first step the Viability of Regionalisation versus the “Status-quo” will be assessed on several levels and especially in terms of potential economic benefit. If this approach is deemed viable, then a suitable set up of a regional water company shall be elaborated.
This project is the continuation of the Batumi Phase III and IV projects concerning the rehabilitation and extension of the water supply network and the rehabilitation of the sewer system in Batumi.
The related Implementation Consultancy service for Phase III and Phase IV have been started in 2012 and 2016 respectively, but have been terminated by the Employer by end of 2017. This project aims now at completion of the started works and services, i.e.
The measures include stormwater system including large pumping stations, water supply and sewerage networks and a small WWTP in a nearby village. The total value of all works contracts for Components A-D is EUR 97.4M whereof approx. EUR 25M have been disbursed already and the rest has to be implemented now. The estimated investment volume for the Feasibility Study is EUR 85.6M.
The water supplies in Mzuzu and Ekwendeni predominantly rely on the Lynyangwa River. Due to rising urban water demand and climate variation the reliability of these services are at stress. Northern Region Water Board (NRWB), as the regional water utility, has identified the need to invest in additional production and transport/distribution capacity and the need to capacitate its organization and employees, to promote business wise sound operations leading to financial sustainable provision of water services to its people. EIB is financing those investments with some EUR 20M and launched this Technical Assistance contract to ensure the proper and sustainable implementation of the needed measures and build capacity within NRWB.
The project comprises survey and geotechnical investigations, detailed design, design review, preparation of tender documents, procurement support, feasibility study for sanitation as well as operational support to NWRB by developing a GIS and hydraulic model, introduce a SCADA and MIS and implement a NRW reduction programme.
P&P held responsible for the following out of the 12 tasks of this TA:
The small hydropower plant Jochberg with an installed capacity of 445kW, an annual production of 2.19GWh/a, is located in the same named municipality at the river Saukaserbach in the Eastern part of Tyrol. The plant is a typical diversion scheme consisting of a Tyrolean intake, a sand trap, a 940m long GRP penstock with an internal diameter of 900mm and a powerhouse equipped with a Ossberger free jet turbine.
Special features of the project:
HPP Mtkvari is located on the river Mtkvari close to the Turkish border. With an installed capacity of 53MW the plant is currently the largest Renewable Energy Project in Georgia. Total cost of the project amounts to USD 130 mln, while the loan amount makes USD 65 mln. P&P acts as Lender’s engineer performing design review, advice on technical aspects, construction and implementation monitoring. Special focus is paid on the implementation of the 10km long tunnel stretch conveying water from the intake to the power house.
Semey, until 2007 known as Semipalatinsk, is a city in East Kazakhstan Region on the Irtysh River near the border with Russia, around 620km east of Astana and a population of 340,000.
The project aims at setting up and strengthening the capacity and at implementing a previously identified Priority Investment Programme in the water and sanitation system of some EUR 8 million.
The service comprises preparing the missing detailed designs, preparing 11 no. packages of tender documents, procurement assistance and subsequent construction supervision and works and supply contract administration.
In parallel project implementation has been closed monitored in close cooperation with PIU to be established and strengthened in all aspects of large scale project implementation and management.
The program financed through the Asian Development Bank and implemented by UWSCG aims rehabilitating, improving and expanding sanitation facilities in the 2 secondary towns Zugdidi and Mestia.
The scope of the Consultancy is to perform the duties of the Engineer according to FIDIC for the following works contracts:
The total investment volume to be supervised under this contract amounts to USD 76 million.
This study is part of the greater Red Sea Dead Sea Project which aims at providing fresh water supply to Jordan, Israel and Palestine and the same time “saving” the dead sea by slowing or even stopping the further water level drop which is currently 40m below the water level in the 1930s. Water shall be extracted from the Red Sea at Aqaba, where part of it is desalinated and used for drinking water. The brine together with additional Red Sea water is pumped over some 225 km to the Dead Sea. Due to the elevation of the Dead Sea a gross head of some 430m can be used for hydropower generation.
This study contributes to the overall project by preparing two pre-feasibility studies, one regarding the possible application of the pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) technology and using beside the hydropower potential also the osmotic gradient between the brine and the Dead Sea and the second for establishing a monitoring research centre on the Dead Sea. It also includes preparing ToR for an aquifer monitoring program with respect to potential leakage from the brine conveyor system and preparing the stakeholder engagement plan.
The first Phase of the Red Sea Dead Sea project is estimated to cost some USD 1.1 billion and shall be implemented by an BOT arrangement. The tendering started in 2016 already.
The objective of the project is to provide sustainable access to potable water supply services in urban and peri-urban areas in the fast growing satellite towns around Nairobi. The existing water supply systems are often old and degraded and major new living areas are not connected. Following extension and rehabilitation approx. 365,500 people will benefit from new connections or improved services.
The main components are as follows:
1. Ruiru – Juja Water Supply Project: Augment the existing pump station at the water intake, enhance the capacity of the existing water treatment plant by 5,000 m³/d by installing lamella plates in the sedimentation tank and construct one additional filter, construct new transfer mains (around 13.5 km) and construct / extend the distribution network (around 135 km), install necessary consumer connections.
2. Kiserian – Ongata Rongai Water Supply Project: rehabilitate 2x100 m³ water tanks, construct new and extend the existing water supply system (around 135 km), install necessary consumer connections.
For both projects, a total of around 16,700 consumer meters plus fittings as well as operations & maintenance equipment will be procured. For all those investments, project management, detailed design, preparation of tender documents, procurement and construction supervision services are provided.
The TA is assisting ADB DMCs to enhance their capacity to identify priority investment projects that mitigate climate change and/or support climate change adaptation while creating sustainable development co-benefits.
ADB, with co-financing by NEDA and TICA, and possibly the Green Climate Fund, prepared a loan for the water supply and solid waste infrastructure of three main towns in Myanmar’s Greater Mekong Subregion (total loan amount 117 M USD). The main objective of the individual assignment was to identify eligible project components for financing by the GCF and prepare the corresponding funding proposal in accordance to the established criteria.
The armed conflict lasting since mid of 2014 in the Donbass of Ukraine continues to affect the supply of essential services such as water and electricity in the region. The bulk water supply system operated by PU “Company Voda Donbassa” dates back to the 1930s and provides water to about 3.9 Mio consumers in Donetsk Oblast. Its infrastructure runs from Sloviansk all the way to Mariupol – and is therefore situated close to, and in fact crosses several time, the contact line, whilst serving people in areas controlled by the Ukrainian government, as well as the self-proclaimed “Donetsk People’s Republic”.
UNICEF has contracted Posch and Partners with the implementation of a risk assessment in the Donbass area. The objective of the assessment is to identify and cost priority investment opportunities to increase the resiliency of water services to people supplied by Voda Donbassa’s main water system, based on system and management vulnerabilities in the presence of conflict-related risks.
The assessment focusses on risks threatening the safe and reliable supply of bulk water by Voda Donbassa. It considers relevant governance, institutional, financial and technical issues directly and indirectly connected to the current context.
The Urban Water Supply Programme is a water supply and sanitation rehabilitation and expansion programme for small and medium towns across Ethiopia. This shall be financed from Water Basket Funds of EUR 94M provided by IDC, AfD and EIB and to be managed by Water Resources Development Fund under the Ministry through a revolving fund mechanism. This shall be done on 2 levels, i.e.:
The aim of this TA is to contribute to improving the management and operation of the WRDF.
A feasibility study has been performed upfront developing a clear Project Implementation Manual addressing all aspects for improvement on Programme and also on Project level which now shall be implemented and adapted under the guidance of a project team comprising international and national engineers, financial, social, environmental and monitoring experts.
The Programme “Municipal Infrastructure III” encompasses 2 project locations, i.e. the service areas of water utilities UK Berat-Kucova (~ 120,000 population) and of UK Librazhd (~24,000 population), both with low connection rates to the sewer system and deficient wastewater treatment and disposal systems.
The service contract comprises 2 components:
Component A: Consulting Services for the preparation of investment measures
Component B Consulting Services for the implementation of investment measures
Water supply and sewerage networks shall be rehabilitated, upgraded and extended and in total 4 no. new WWTPs shall be constructed with Berat: 60,000 PE, Kucova: 30,000 PE, Librazhd: 8,000 PE, and Përrenjas: 8,000 PE.
HEPP Machakhela LLC intends to construct a 25 MW hydropower plant near Batumi, close to the Turkish border in the south west of Georgia. The HPP shall be constructed through an Engineering, Procurement and Construction Contract and a Turkish Designer has been assigned with carrying out the required conceptual design services and to prepare the tender documents. HEPP Machakhela LLC has engaged P&P as its Owners Engineer to assist in all technical and economic implementation matters and to supervise the conceptual design engineer.
The HP scheme consists of a 15m high concrete dam, a lateral intake structure connected to a 6.5km long pressure tunnel and a powerhouse with a tailrace channel. The annual energy generation is estimated to be 138GWh based on a design flow of 20m³/s and a gross head of 135m.
The overall objectives of this programme are to provide safe and reliable potable water supply and to establish sustainable wastewater management schemes for the urban and rural population of Rayon Cahul. For this purpose a comprehensive bankable feasibility study for the water supply and sanitation system of the city and the region was to be prepared.
The water supply system and facilities for wastewater collection and treatment in Cahul city as well as in the rural areas of the rayon were in rather poor conditions. The necessary investments and also institutional measures were to be identified and developed to improve the general service level and sanitation situation.
The Development Bank of Austria (OeEB-Österreichische Entwicklungsbank AG) has set itself the objective to support renewable energy projects in selected countries. This study has been prepared for that purpose and supports project developers, investors and banks in the assessment of renewable energy projects by providing detailed information of the energy and electricity sector in Montenegro with a special focus on renewable energies.
Besides a general overview the study provides detailed information about institutional framework conditions, barriers and risks, market potential for the development of renewable energy projects, ongoing and planned project activities as well as key players.
This project is aimed at taking a programmatic approach to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency projects at both the national and regional level in West Africa.
Under this project a Detailed Project Report is conducted for the Moyamba SHPP project, addressing properly the technical, economic and financial issues as well as the environmental and socio-economic conditions.
The expected tentative technical key data for the Moyamba SHPP project are: design discharge130m³/s, gross head 9m, installed capacity 10MW, annual production 34GWh.
The overall objective of this Rural Water Supply Program III programme is to improve the living conditions of the inhabitants in rural areas and support the economic development of these areas. This objective shall be attained through small and medium scale investments in the water supply systems for provision of reliable and hygienically safe water supply at O&M cost recovering tariffs. The programme is financed through KfW and implemented by the Albanian Development Fund.
In a first application phase municipalities and utilities all over the country are encouraged to apply for funding in their water supply systems and the Consultant will select and rank the possible sub-projects based on transparent and agreed criteria.
In the second phase social and technical feasibility studies will be performed for an overall investment amount of more than EUR 30 million.
The aim of this assignment is to monitor and assess the services provided by Vitens-Evides International (VEI) to Lilongwe Water Board (LWB), the utility of the capital of Malawi serving almost a population of 1 million, through a Performance Based Water Operations Partnership (PBWOP) agreement.
The objective of this agreement is to improve the operational and financial efficiency of Lilongwe’s water service provider, to extend its service area and to reduce non-revenue water. To secure the future water supply situation LWB is planning to implement investments for more than USD 100 million over the next years and in the light of these challenges ahead was seeking the support of an international advisory firm.
The role of P&P as the Independent Assessor is to check yearly the performance of VEI, monitor the overall progress within the various tasks and ultimately to calculate the performance based compensation which VEI is entitled to according to their agreement with LWB.
The water and wastewater services in the town of Cantemir are provided by the Municipality owned utility “Apa Canal”.
Nowadays, after the implementation of a comprehensive water supply project, Cantemir has a 24h/7day water supply system and the Municipality has extended the service area to neighboring villages. However, the wastewater system is in dire state and needs significant upgrade to improve sanitation in Cantemir. The sanitation services have been on quite low levels for many years and the WWTP has not been operative since the early 1990s. As a result, none of the existing WWTP infrastructure is in a condition that their rehabilitation would be economically feasible.
The overall objective of the project was to implement a new wastewater disposal system for the rayon capital of Cantemir. The identified works comprised the rehabilitation and extension of the existing sewer system as well as the construction of a new WWTP (trickling filter; final stage 16,500 PE). A secondary goal was the identification of optimisation measures for the existing water supply system.
The scope of the assignment included the review and update of the previously developed feasibility study for the wastewater system and the preparation of the conceptual and detailed design of all works. In addition, all required permits for design and construction had to be obtained and the tender documents were prepared (4 components, based on WB PDSI SBD). Further, a socio-economic analysis of the town as well as an institutional analysis of Apa Canal were carried out. Finally, suitable funding instruments for the capital investments were identified and the corresponding applications supported (at national level to the Regional Development Fund and the Environmental Fund, at international level to the EU AAP 2016).
ADB, with possible co-financing by EIB, Green Climate Fund (GCF) and Government of Fiji, was preparing a loan which foresaw major investments in the water and wastewater infrastructure of Greater Suva Area (total loan amount 230 M USD).
The main objectives of the individual assignment was to inform the technology selection of the project proponents towards increased resilience in light of climate change and greenhouse gas emission mitigation as well as to prepare a study on the feasibility of different packages of water and wastewater technologies for deployment in the investment project. In addition the identification of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures to be included in the proposed investment programme and the estimation of related additional or incremental costs was an important aspect of the assignment. Further, the technical part of a funding proposal to the GCF for financing identified adaptation and mitigation measures was prepared.
Secondary objective of the assignment was the preparation of Terms of Reference for additional consulting services on the optimisation of the sewer system of Greater Suva Area aiming at a reduction of the number of existing sewage pumping stations and therefore a reduction of O&M costs for Water Authority Fiji.
The City of Polotsk would like to construct its own wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) that would serve its population of 85,000 people and commercial customers in Polotsk. The WWTP would include aeration tanks, sedimentation tanks, sludge pumps, air blowers, etc. The work on a WWTP was started in 2008 however, the works stopped in 2011 due to lack of financing. It is estimated that approximately 20 per cent of the works had been completed up to that point.
On this basis, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) engaged a consultant to prepare a feasibility study, which shall include:
The main objective of this assignment is to prepare a feasibility study that will determine the priority investment for the project, which will be financed by a EBRD loan, and it will form the basis for project appraisal and approval by the EBRD in addition to the Government of Belarus.
A series of interactive school workshops were performed on the subject of direct and indirect water consumption, with the aim to develop knowledge and awareness about worldwide water resources, including:
One component of the Kenya Water Supply and Sanitation Improvement Project (WaSSIP) is the development of an Independent Water Supply Scheme Downstream of Thika Dam near Gatanga. Athi Water Services Board (AWSB) themselves carried out the feasibility study, detailed design and prepared the tender documents for the works. The works have been awarded based on Standard Bidding Document for Procurement of Small Works by World Bank.
This consultancy assignment covers design review, construction supervision, commissioning and performance control during the Defects Liability Period.
The works to be supervised cover:
The value of the works is EUR 2.3 million
Mykolayiv is the 9th largest city in Ukraine with a population of approximately 510.000. Previously the Water Utility had been supported to identify its priority investment needs in a “Short Term Investment Programme” (STIP).
The aim of this project is now to provide Technical Assistance to support the PIU in all aspects of STIP implementation, which covers approx. 30 mio euro investments in water and wastewater including rehabilitation of treatment plants, pumping stations and networks, establishing SCADA, sectorization of water supply systems and installation of DMAs. For these design, procurement and construction supervision will be performed using WB contracts.
In addition hydraulic modelling of water and wastewater will be performed, a GIS / MIS and interlinked billing system will be established, support will be provided for creation of a NRW unit within the utility and capacity building of the PIU will be carried out.
This project is part of the Government of Kiribati’s Climate Change Adaptation Program III, which aims at improving Kiribati’s resilience to the impacts of climate change on freshwater supply and coastal infrastructure. The piped water supply system of South Tarawa is managed by the Public Utilities Board (PUB). Supply to consumers is on an intermittent basis, two hours every second day, due to high non-revenue water (NRW) of around 67% and limited sweet water resources.
The main objectives of this assignment are leak detection, repair of transmission mains and reservoirs, physical improvement of the water distribution systems in three pilot zones, trainings for PUB staff in leak detection and repair, introduction of a basic asset management system, as well as the establishment of a leak detection unit at the utility. Further prepare bidding documents for material and works, assist PUB in tendering and contract preparation, perform construction supervision and construction management for the works, partly implemented through contractors, partly through force account
Under this project a new water supply system is to be constructed for the town of Veliko Gradiste, Serbia. The scope of this assignment is Construction Supervision and performing the duties of the Engineer according FIDIC and the duties and responsibilities of the technical Supervisor (strućni nadzor) according to the Planning and Construction Law of Serbia.
The works to be supervised comprise:
All works have been tendered as a single FIDIC Design & Built Contract (Yellow Book) and total value of works is EUR 4.14M.
Our assignment includes Technical Assessments and Technical Due-Diligences for the small hydro power plants Bzhusha, 12.2MW (1956), Alazani I, 6.06MW (1942), Alazani II, 6.06MW (2013), Ritsuela, 6.3MW (1956), Racha, 11.0MW (2013), Kakhareti, 2.1MW (1957), Igoeti, 1.8MW (1953), Triponi, 3.2MW (1951).
The assessment covers newly-built and existing hydropower plants as it can be seen at the construction dates with a nominal capacity in a range between 1.8MW up to 12.2MW.
The hydro power plants are scattered all over Georgia, but are mainly situated in the northern-, eastern- and south part where the landscape is characterized by high mountain ranges. All hydro power plants are diversion schemes, mostly consisting of a water intake structure, a headrace channel, headpond, penstock and turbine house.
The Technical Assistance (TA) project aims to implement a Programme to establish a credit line at the Bank of Georgia (BoG) and to enhance the investments in the development and rehabilitation of small and medium hydropower plants in Georgia. The TA comprises 2 components, namely i) SHPP Component to support project developers, owners and operators of SHPP eligible under the Program in realizing their respective construction, rehabilitation, or expansion project; and ii) Banking Component to support BoG with a focus on support in the evaluation of credit applications against the Programme’s criteria but also to assist BoG in developing procedures for longer term lending operations for infrastructure projects as well as the enhancement of BoG’s capacity to monitor and manage credit risks.
The outcome of the project shall be at least 3 SHPP projects implemented and a sustainable know-ledge transfer to BoG strenghting its capacity in financing infrastructure projects.
The Programme as well as the TA is financed by KfW and the Austrian Development Bank (OeEB).
The aim of the project is to carry out a comprehensive feasibility study for investments in the municipal infrastructure of city of Donetsk with some 750,000 inhabitants. The feasibility study shall cover all technical, financial and economic aspects of the water supply system, the wastewater collection and treatment system as well as the stormwater system. The legal framework has to be assessed together with an institutional analysis of the service provider Dongorvodokanal.
The project comprises data collection and assessment of the actual situation followed by the elaboration of a project concept including option analysis for the various improvement measures which are then all summarized in the actual feasibility study.
The activities to be performed include financial, economic and socio economic assessments and analysis of the supply area, flow and pressure measurements with subsequent modelling of the networks, technical assessment of the current assets, and full consideration of the environmental aspects and performance of a Health Impact Assessment.
In 2009 P&P performed a feasibility study for a new hydropower plant at the Tana river being part of the KenGen operated Seven Forks cascade of 5 existing HPPs.
The new site is located about 150km north-east of Nairobi in the districts of Mwingi and Mbeere. The previously identified dam option for the HPP is currently considering socially not feasibility and therefore P&P have been assigned with further investigation of a tunnel off the river HPP option clearly minimizing the social and also the environmental aspect of the investment.
Investment costs have been preliminarily estimated to be in the range of EUR 200-250 million.
The overall objective of the project is to improve quality and quantity of water supply and irrigation in the Gaza Strip. This shall be achieved by implementing the Rolling programme of interventions defined in the Comparative Study of Options for an Additional Supply of Water for the Gaza Strip (CSO-G).
The action plan includes i) establishment of a programme coordination unit (PCU), ii) water and health monitoring, iii) improvement of domestic water supply, iv) enhance water import from Israel, v) construction of short-term low-volume desalination plants, vi) a regional desalination plant, vii) increased reuse of treated wastewater and viii) other interventions in the agricultural sector.
This project provides project management support and technical assistance (TA) to the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) for establishing and operation and management of the PCU.
The 1.8MW plant is located at the river Lopota in Napareuli, Region Kakheti, East Georgia. Generally the plant is not state of the art and has several deficiencies resulting in a energy production shortfall. As a result of these deficiencies, additional to the Technical Assessment and the Technical Due-Diligence feasible technical improvements were developed which should be implemented to achieve a higher energy production and to guarantee a further plant operation.
General objectives of the Ust-Kamenogorsk Environmental Remediation Project for Kazakhstan are to: (i) prevent the groundwater contamination plume's further migration towards the residential areas, the city's sources of drinking water supply and eventually into the Irtysh River; and (ii) strengthen institutional mechanisms for groundwater quality monitoring to enable control of ongoing groundwater pollution from local municipal and industrial sources.
The level of electrification in Uganda is very low, in spite of the fact that the country possesses abundant natural resources of hydropower potential. To develop Uganda’s energy sector the Government of Uganda with the support of the World Bank implements the second phase of the Energy for Rural Transformation Programme (ERT II) of which the main objective is a greater access to and use of renewable energy in rural areas.
Therefore the main objective of this assignment is to develop comprehensive Feasibility Studies for 3 selected SHPP projects out of 10 shortlisted sites. The Muyembe project has been identified by the MEMD to be taken directly to the feasibility study level. For each of the 9 remaining sites a Pre Feasibility Study has to be prepared. The ranking of the results of these Pre Feasibility Studies will lead to the selection of the most attractive 2 sites, for which then also a Feasibility Study will be elaborated.
Also tender documents for the 3 sites on the Feasibility Study level have to be prepared for the client.
Samoas power utility EPC is operating several thermal diesel plants and 5 small hydropower plants (SHPP) to provide the required electrical power to Samoa. In order to become less dependent on fuel imports and reduce costs of electricity, the Government of Samoa (GoS) embarked on an ambitious renewable energy programme, in particular developing additional SHPPs. In December 2012 the cyclone Evan damaged seriously 3 of the 5 SHPPs, which should be rehabilitated urgently.
ADB has agreed to assist the GoS in both endeavours. The JV of P&P and STR have been awarded from ADB to perform the Project preparatory technical Assistance (PPTA). The main components of this PPTA are: due diligence on 7 existing feasibility studies for new SHPP projects (comprising technical, financial, economic, social & environmental issues), rehabilitation schedule and investment plan for the power transmission and distribution network, tender assistance for the rehabilitation works of the damaged SHPPs, concept design for a seasonal storage dam project, procurement strategy, capacity strengthening programme (operation, maintenance, trainings).
The project comprises the technical supervision of the works for rehabilitation and modification of the municipal wastewater treatment plant of the city of Ivano-Frankivsk with a population of some 250,000. Technical supervision includes the review and approval of the Detailed and Working Design (Stage R design according to Ukraine legislation) and the actual supervision of the physical works at the WWTP to ensure timely and satisfactory completion of the works and compliance with the signed works contracts as well as with Ukrainian law and regulations.
Hydrology is a key driver for the annual energy yield of hydropower plants (HPP) and since hydrology is quite variable, it poses a risk to such investments. It is in turn very sensitive to climatic conditions and consequently to climate change. Small and medium HPPs are particularly exposed to climate risks i.e. climate change and climate variability.
The study aims at better understanding the influence of these factors on small/medium hydropower plants, the risk on such investments and degree and type of uncertainty and their effect on the banks project finances and decision-making.
The study carries out an analysis of such risks in South-east Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus, using a river basin approach for a number of selected major river basins. The analysis shall lead to a methodology providing the bank with recommendations to assist decision-making on future small and medium hydropower investments.
Construction of the Nisporeni district water supply system for some 60,000 people had to be terminated in 1992 due to lack of financing. The objective of this programme is to revive, revise and complete phase I of the system which is the supply of Nisporeni town, Varzaresti and Grozesti municipalities, in total some 20,800 inhabitants.
P&P was entrusted with the multi-annual programme management and institutional strengthening services. This includes establishing, heading and managing the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) which includes representatives of all 3 municipalities as well as the procurement of 3 no. design & supervision service contracts and 3 no. works contracts necessary to implement the programme, reporting to the project donors and financiers which include the European Union (EU), the Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), the Moldovan Ministry of Ecology, the Nisporeni Rayon and City Administrations and organising and reporting to the Steering Committee.
The total investment volume is EUR 14.5M.
Austrian Broadcasting also had a look on this project: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwB7wxc2llA
This Technical Assistance assignment is to undertake a Mid-Term review of the Maseru Wastewater Project (MWWP) implemented by the Lesotho Water and Sewerage Company (WASCO) under EU financing.
New Agric College WWTW and Upgrades to the Existing Ratjomose WWTW:
(i) a new wastewater treatment works at Agric College with a design flow of 7.2 Ml/day;
(ii) refurbishment of the biofilter arms, the biofilter recycle pump station, the primary sludge pump station and to provide new floating aerators for a facultative pond on an existing WWTW as well as repair of the leaking pond
Rehabilitation, upgrading and construction of sewer networks and pumping stations in Ratjomose and Agric College districts:
(i) New sewerage network with some 5,200 new household connections
(ii) 2 new pumping stations and including rising mains and grabity mains to convey the sewerage to the WWTWs
In order to improve the flood water alleviation of the water intake structure of the HPP Bezau an existing bypass channel shall be equipped with a rubber dam. The by-pass channel was constructed after the big flood event in 2005 and features currently a fuse plug. The current situation is not satisfactory in terms of sediment management and frequently the HPP operator has to excavate accumulated sediments upstream the water intake in order to provide the required freeboard to 2 bridges over the river.
The awarded consulting services comprise analysis of the existing structures, detailed design and structural analysis of the concrete weir, conceptual layout and detail design of the rubber dam, analysis and detailed design of the flood water channel, preparation of the tender documents for the civil works and the rubber dam.
The objective of the study is to prepare a socially affordable investment programme for improving the water supply and sanitation situation on Rarotonga and Aitutaki, the main islands of the Cook Islands, for potential financing under the EU Water Facility Pooling Mechanism and the EIB.
The overall objective of the project is to improve the living conditions of about 500,000 inhabitants by rehabilitating existing systems and extending the water supply infrastructure in 15 towns spread over 4 regions of Ethiopia. The works in the 15 towns have been awarded in 4 lots to a single Contractor under EDF conditions of contract. Works in the towns comprise the drilling of new and rehabilitation of existing boreholes – up to 300m deep, construction of collector and transmission mains, construction of service reservoirs and supply and installation of all E&M equipment for the well fields and pumping stations. One town also features a surface water treatment plant. Numerous administration and ancillary buildings have to be constructed in all towns in addition to access roads to the sometimes remote well field sites. Total works contracts value is 37.5 MEUR.
This project comprises the performance of the duties of the Supervisor according EDF conditions of contract and PRAG, e.g. Day to day supervision, review and approve Contractor’s submittals, record keeping and reporting, progress monitoring, measurement of works, check and clearance of Interim payments, checking and ensuring quality of works, managing claims and assisting in dispute resolution, identify defects and supervise remediation measures during the maintenance period, prepare and issue Final Acceptance Certificate and Final Statement of Account, re-design and re-tendering of remaining works after works contract termination.
In order to most effectively address storm water management objectives, consideration of storm water runoff needs to be fully integrated into the urban planning and design process. This involves a more comprehensive approach to site planning and a thorough understanding of the physical characteristics and resources of the site. The purpose of these investigations is to provide a framework for including effective and environmentally sensitive storm water management into the urban development process and to encourage a greater uniformity in storm water management site plan preparation.
The water supply and wastewater infrastructure in Drniš is in bad condition and currently a pollution load of estimated 3800PE is discharged untreated into Krka river. In order to improve the municipal infrastructure, to protect the water resources and to implement the EU Environmental acquis rehabilitation works shall be done on the water supply and sewer systems and a new WWTP with 5,000 PE shall be constructed.
Hrvatske vode contracted the services to carry out supervision of the following to works contracts procured under PRAG:
The scope of works under this project comprises sound management and successful implementation of both investment measures and performing the duties and authorities of the Engineer as per FIDIC and national legislation from the preparation phase including design review and verification of the Contractor’s WWTP design until end of the Defects Liability Period.
The objectives of the assignment are to carry out a feasibility study for the water supply, wastewater and stormwater systems for Mogilev Oblast Capital with some 370,000 population. The study shall focus on proposals for improvement of the reliability of the town’s sewerage system and shall identify a first priority investment phase. Focus shall be drawn on the wastewater system comprising energy and treatment efficiency of the existing WWTP.
Pre-identified measures will comprise the renewal of 3.6km of sewer collector for which required investigations and surveys shall be carried out followed by preliminary and detailed design. Technical specifications and drawings for bidding documentation according to World Bank STBs for works shall be prepared and assistance shall be given to the Client and Beneficiary during contract negotiations and award.
The design and tender documentation has to undergo the required national approval procedure before start of construction.
The services under this project also include construction supervision for the first investment phase.
The overall objective of the Water and Sewerage Programme in Medium-Sized Municipalities in Serbia is to ensure a sustainable, continuous and hygienically acceptable supply of drinking water and the improvement of sewage disposal for the population in selected Municipalities at socially acceptable costs.
Phase II comprises design, tendering and construction of physical infrastructure and institutional support of the utilities in improving their efficiency and in implementing required tariff increases.
The Delegation of the European Union in Sierra Leone contracted the services to prepare an Identification Study of the Moyamba Mini Hydroelectric Project with the overall objective to provide the decision makers in the Government of Sierra Leone and the EU Delegation with sufficient information to justify acceptance and select the preferred option amongst different alternatives of this hydropower project.
With the help of EC funds managed through the World Bank a new WWTP shall be constructed in the city of Orhei. Previous studies foresee a multi stage constructed wetlands to replace the existing WWTP in Orhei having a population of approx. 33,000 population.
The overall project objectives are the improve the quality of sanitary services in Orhei, to reduce the discharge of pollutants, including nutrients, from Orhei municipal sources that flow into the River Raut and eventually may reach the Black Sea and to demonstrate and disseminate cost-effective nutrient reduction technologies for municipal wastewater sources.
The objective of this assignment is to perform the preliminary and detailed design, prepare bidding documents and construction supervision for an optimized constructed wetland able to treat the wastewater load generated by the connected population.
In the October 2014 edition of Water21 magazine by IWA Publishing a technical article has been published about this WWTP project, which is one of the biggest constructed wetlands in the world.
The EBRD in partnership with the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB), the Government of Belarus and several participating cities has developed a Municipal Environmental Infrastructure Financing Framework for Belarus. The Vitebsk Water and Wastewater Sub-Project is to be prepared and financed within this Framework. The investment programme would focus on energy efficiency improvement, reduction of leakage, improvement of the quality of service and water metering of the City of Vitebsk (population: approx. 350,000).
The objective of this assignment was to perform a Feasibility Study, including due diligence of the company, to determine the investments to be financed by the EBRD loan and which will be a basis for project appraisal and approval by the EBRD.
The overall objective of the “Open Programme Municipal Infrastructure II” is to improve living conditions, raise public health standards and promote economic growth in the country to be achieved by improvement of quality, reliability and sustainability of water supply and sanitation services in the cities of Ganja (population: approx. 310,000) and Sheki (population: approx. 60,000).
The programme comprises the reconstruction and extension of the water supply and sewerage systems as well as the wastewater treatment plants of both cities.
The purpose of the assignment is to assist the two local consulting firms in the process of an adequate updating of the existing design and tender documents with the main objective to enable Azersu to start the tender process of work contracts.
The 15 Towns Water and Sanitation Project is one of several water supply projects that have been identified to meet the Millennium Development Goals for 2015. The project will improve the living conditions of about 500,000 inhabitants by rehabilitating existing water supply systems and extending the water supply and sanitation infrastructure as well as providing adequate training for Town Water & Sanitation Services (TWSS) staff. The tender for the works (four lots for four regions) was problematic and all participating tenderers were invited to make new offers.
The overall objective of the assignment is to observe that the tender evaluation activities are carried out in accordance with the EC guidelines and rules.
The Republic of Belarus has received a loan from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) to implement Water Supply and Sanitation Projects. The overall objectives are to improve the quality, effectiveness and sustainability of water supply and wastewater services in six participating Oblasts covering about 1.7 million consumers. One beneficiary is the Town of Bobrujsk (population: approx. 220,000).
The objectives of the assignment is to carry out the feasibility studies, investigations and surveys, preliminary and detailed designs and supervision of construction of iron-removal plant in Bobrujsk Town, Mogilev Oblast.
The expected project implementation effect is improvement of consumer supply with water satisfying health standards on iron content.
The client KenGen intends to increase its hydropower production capacity. The aim of this consulting assignment is to elaborate a Feasibility Study of the Karura hydropower project, which will exploit the residual head between the existing Kindaruma and Kiambere powerstations of the Tana River. Several alternatives must be studied and a recommendation for the most convenient option must be given. Expected power potential: 60 MW.
The client operates an existing snow making system in the project area. The aim of the Pre-Feasibility Study was to design the technical options and evaluate and opine the technical and economical feasibility of the extension by a Small Hydropower Plant of the existing snow making system and introduce this project to the local authorities.
The existing SHPP with 2.7 MW shows several deficencies in operation:
The aim of the project is to analyse the current situation and to design the details for improvement measures to optimize the plant operation.
A SCADA system shall be installed to allow state-of-the-art operation and monitoring of the power plant.
The aim of the technical assistance project is to help Podgorica Water and Sewer Company and its owner, the Capital City of Podgorica, in their effort to upgrade and expand the water and waste water services and of operation efficiency improvement, possibly with PSP and commercial sources of finance.
A comprehensive study shall be elaborated for BiH addressing the application of non conventional technologies (NCT) for treatment of urban wastewater for small towns and settlements with population ranging from 500 to 10,000. A feasibility study shall identify the most suitable and economically feasible option for wastewater treatment in villages of the concerned size depending on topography, local circumstances, climate and other factors influencing the selection process.
A GIS shall be established summarizing all influencing factors on application of NCT WWTPs as well as information on existing and planned water supply and wastewater collection and treatment systems
A nation wide mplementation strategy shall be elaborated and general guidelines for planning, design, operation and maintenance of NCT WWTPs shall be prepared.
Preliminary design of 3 pilot plants each in a different size range shall be done for low-cost and low-energy water treatment plants
The aim of the project is to evaluate and opine on the construction and operation of in total 9 no. small hydropower plants projects along the Iskar river. A loan agreement was signed between EBRD and an Investor company where the 9 plants are divided into 3 phases of construction and tranche payments of the loan.
The SHPPs have a capacity between 2.5 and 3.5 MW and are all of the same run-off the river type. Upon project start 2 of the SHPPs were already constructed and commissioned.
The Bank assigned P&P performing the role of the Lender’s Engineer and to check if all conditions of the loan agreement are fulfilled, if the technical quality is according to the design and relevant norms and if electricity production is according to the estimates and financial analysis on which the project is based.
The project foresees quarterly visits to the plants and monitor their construction, assess the management of the various contracts by the Owner’s team and to control the project costs.
Only once the Lender’s Engineer gives his okay on all issues and certifies the completion the loan shall be disbursed.
We are pleased to annouce that Wastewater Treatment Plant Adlia, Batumi, Georgia is Winner of the 2013 IWA Project Innovation Awards – Development - Global Honour Award!!!
The project is the second out of three project phases, formulated in the feasibility study prepared by our company in 2005/2006. This Phase foresees investments for a total of 50. Mio EURO and covers the following investments for the city of Batumi:
Rehabilitation (exchange) of 100 km of drinking water pipelines, rehabilitation of 50 km of sewers, construction of a new WWTP for 200.000 PE including a 3.6 km sea outfall into the black sea. For all above investments project management, detailed design, procurement and construction supervision as well as assistance to the PEA (project implementation agency) is provided.
In addition the project includes the implementation of a wastewater disposal system for the Adjara coastal strip between the Turkish border and Batumi, which is the main focus area of tourism development in the region. These measures cover investments into a pumping sewer line of 17 km length (by 4 pumping stations) and secondary sewers for all settlements (5 villages with in total 10.000 inh.) along the coastline (100 km of secondary sewers incl. house connections). Also for these investments project management, detailed design, procurement and construction supervision is provided.
IFC is committed to increasing its support for renewable energy investments in the Balkan region. The objective of this Project is to assess in Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro the small hydropower (SHP) potential, identify potential and barriers for SHP development, to assess the legal and regulatroy framework, current situation regarding SHP development and conditions regarding feed-in tariffs, conditions for connection to the public grid and financing condtions.
The project includes the assessment of the feasible hydropower potential of a defined river section of Shkumbin river, to prepare a feasibility study for the hydropower cascade, to prepare a business plan and to assist the investor in preparing all relevant documents for obtaining the concession. The project includes a cascade of four hydropower stations with a total installed capacity of about 50 MW.
The EBRD considering lending to Zhytomyr Water and Wastewater Company, to finance a capital investment programme of the municipal water and wastewater assets serving a population of some 300,000. The investment programme focuses on energy efficiency improvement, reduction of leakage, improvement of service quality and water metering.
The objective of this assignment is to perform a feasibility study, including due diligence of the company and to fix the investment program to be financed from the EBRD loan which in turn is the basis for project appraisal and approval by the EBRD.
Services provided include the assessment and monetary valuation of the 1.6 MW hydropower plant facilities and determination of rehabilitation requirements.
The overall objective of the project is to ensure a sustainable, continuous and hygienically acceptable supply of drinking water for eight medium-sized municipalities (50,000 – 200,000 inhabitants) at socially acceptable costs. Phase I includes preparation of feasibility studies for investment measures in the amount of 3 – 5 million Euro for each municipality, including dynamic prime cost calculation and institutional support such as preparation of business plans, tariff models and service level agreements.
The World Bank supports Croatia in wastewater collection, treatment and disposal for the coastal cities on the Adriatic sea.
The objective of this assignment is to assist the World Bank team in reviewing the proposed investments, the submitted feasibility studies and to prepare tariff models to ensure positive project appraisal. The task inluded further the financial and economic analysis of six sub-projects Pula, Cres, Male Losinj, Bol/Brac, Hrvar and Metkovic, including assessment of the respective five municipal enterprises. Tariff models were prepared based on current household tariffs, applied project surcharges and social affordability levels.
The project comprises the elaboration of a feasibility study for German funded (KfW) investments in the water and wastewater system of the project area south of Batumi, Georgia, with the aim of ensuring that proposed investments will be carried out in a cost effective and environmentally friendly way in line with a sustainable long term strategy.
The area is anticipated to experience strong growth in levels of tourism and this must be accounted for in terms of the future demand. The feasibility study shall provide all information required for the appraisal of the project and the measures required to eliminate deficiencies in water supply and to conciliate wastewater disposal with the environment.
Data collection and assessment of the present situation (water, wastewater).
Preliminary design, cost estimates and a phased implementation plan for improvement measures of the water and sewerage system.
Detailed formulation and design of investment packages (water, waste water).
Institutional and financial assessment of the current water service situation in the area, assessment of the impacts of the intended project measures and design of possible concepts for improvement.
The preparation of a water and wastewater tariff setting model.
A socio-economic assessment, focusing on the poverty relevance of the project and its impacts on the target groups.
Elaboration of a concept for technical assistance, training and advisory services.
The project comprises the construction supervision of the 29 million USD rehabilitation of the Yntumak reservoir on the Nura river in Central Kazakhstan and its technical re-equipment. Works include a 1.6km long and up to 40m deep slurry wall in the earth filled main dam; construction of a rubber dam regulated spillway with a capacity of 3,000 m³/s, including apron, chute and stilling basin; refurbishment of the existing bottom outlet and the installation of a small hydro power unit in the bottom outlet (~700KW). The assignment involves all tasks required to act as “The Engineer” according to FIDIC.
Construction supervision according to FIDIC conditions of contract (Red Book) featuring:
Financial and technical appraisal of proposed investments for improving the water supply systems of six Regional Water Companies. Proposals included the rehabilitation of drinking water systems and the completion of dams. Previous economic analysis was assessed, including the review of water demand and the tariffs. All projects were analysed for their compatibility with EU guidelines on the provision of water.
The southern coast of Albania has been highlighted as having a high tourist potential. In order to ensure a controlled and sustainable development of the region, the Government contracted the preparation of a regional development plan. This was accompanied by a complementary infrastructure development plan that included water supply, sewerage, wastewater treatment, roads, sea and air transport, power supply and solid waste management.
The overall objective was to ensure safe, reliable and sustainable water supply services in the project area, which covered five municipalities and the National Park "Plitvicka Jezera". Future investments in the water supply and wastewater collection and treatment system were identified and a feasibility study, detailed design and tender documents were produced for the required works. The Institutional setup for an operating company was also established, including a model performance contract, and an economic and financial analysis and tariff calculations were carried out to ensure future sustainable operation.
The project includes general design, detailed design and tender documents for the 500 kW power plant St. Walburgen. The water intake is realised by an inflatable weir of 9 m length and 1.85 m height. The works include a tripple line sand settlement basin, a DN1500 penstock of 1,830 m length, an underground power house and lowering of the trail race channel by one meter to increase system head.
The water supply systems of the two biggest cities in Malawi had been suffering numerous problems to meet the actual and short-term water demand. The project aimed at the identification of hydraulic bottlenecks in the primary supply systems, a detailed facility inventory and the formulation of rehabilitation and renewal measures.
Some studies had been previously carried out for both Water Boards and the results from these and the associated documentation was verified and updated.
The main focus was on the upgrading of the treatment plants and renewal of the electro-mechanical equipment to prevent total system breakdown on the main supply lines in the near future.
The works in Blantyre needed to be more substantial as the entire system was outdated and the city experienced regular interuptions in the water supply services.
Based on preliminary studies, WEB ENERGO d.o.o. won the concession for small hydro power plants, Ponor (400kW), Medna – Sklop (600kW) and Sokocnica (800kW), which were located near Mrkonjjć-Grad, Republic Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Design flow: 2,6m³/s; Actual power output: 9,99MW; Average annual energy production: 53.337.000kWh; Cross head: 495,30m
Medna - Sklop
Design flow: 1,6m³/s; Actual power output: 830kW; Average annual energy production: 4.229.000kWh; Cross head: 66,48m
Design flow: 0,9m³/s; Actual power output: 750KW; Average annual energy production: 3.574.000kWh; Cross head: 103,60m
P&P were engaged by an Austrian private investor to prepare a feasibility study, concept design and environmental impact assessment study for a 225 MW pumped storage hydropower plant. All main plant components were designed in an underground cavern so as to minimise environmental impacts.
Batumi, with a population of 123,000, is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara and situated in the south-east of Georgia. The existing water supply situation in the town was unsatisfactory, with per capita production rates of 900l/c,d necessary to cover the demand including losses. The existing sewer system was also in poor condition and a source of serious contamination when the streets were flooded. This occured regularly because the storm water system could not cope with the high precipitation rates and was characterised by many false connections. Waste Water Treatment was no longer existent, causing further contamination of the already endangered Black Sea.
Following a feasibility study on the rehabilitation of communal infrastructure conducted in 2005-2006, rehabilitation was scheduled to be implemented in 3 Phases.
In Phase I the water supply and sewer system are being rehabilitated, which in fact means that most of the existing systems require replacement. A new water reservoir of 10,000m3 is also being constructed. Raw water treatment plants are being rehabilitated, including the construction of new intakes, new flow limitation devices and new filter units. Two new waste water pumping stations are also being rehabilitated, including the complete exchange of the M&E equipment.
The beneficiary of the Project is the Municipality of Cantemir (6,000 PE) together with the Municipality owned Water Utility “APA Canal”.
Cantemir WSS, which is based on surface water extraction from the nearby River Pruth, as well as its sewer system and treatment facilities, were designed and constructed for the fruit and vegetable processing factory which used to dominate the city until 1994, when production stopped. The system was constructed between 1963 and 1965, has not been rehabilitated or repaired since, and is therefore in a pitiful state. Since it was designed mainly for industrial needs, many components are highly over dimensioned for its present requirements, resulting in extremely inefficient operation of mechanical and electrical equipment.
In the frame of the project the following project components are being financed:
Pre-feasibility and feasibility study for Langerica SHPP and assistance in obtaining concession permits.
Pre-feasibility study on hydro-power potential in the area of Qarrishta – Letmi.
The project comprises the supervision and coordination of the first 2 works contracts within the World Bank financed Nura river clean-up Project, i.e. the construction and operation of the Apan landfill, the demolition and clean-up of the Karbide factory and adjacent sites and the clean-up of the Nura river and Zhaur swamp.
The former Karbide factory, origin of the mercury contamination in the Nura river valley, is being demolished, with adjacent areas partly cleaned-up or contained. In and alongside the Nura river more than 2 million cubic meter of contaminated material must be removed. River sediment is being excavated by hydraulic dredge and material from river banks and flood plains using excavators. Transfer stations are used to prevent the spread of contamination during transport works.
A hazardous waste landfill is also being constructed near to Temirtau where all contaminated material shall be disposed in two different hazardous waste classes. 24 hours operation is required for all transport works and the landfill to allow implementation of the works within the scheduled 4 year period.
The entire works implementation is based on strict H&S requirements and a strict black – white zone concept featuring special sluices for personnel and equipment is enforced on all construction sites. Parallel environmental monitoring has to be performed by the Contractors under the supervision of the Engineer.
Construction supervision according to FIDIC conditions of contract (Red Book) featuring:
Development and realization of a rehabilitation concept for the SHPP Imst, which consisted of 4 small units along the Pigerbach river, including application for the revised water right permits and limnological impact assessment.
The rehabilitation concept consisted of the rehabilitation of the first upper unit and an improvement of the existing design, with the replacement of the three lower units with one new unit.
In the upper unit the three existing Francis Turbines were improved, as well as the intake structure, the headrace channel and the surge tank. A new steel frame storage and maintenance building was constructed alongside the upper unit, and a new bypass installed so that the upper unit could be shut down. The tailwater channel of the upper unit was also newly built, using precast concrete components.
For the new lower unit, a 2000m long penstock of GRP diameter 1800 (50% of the distance) and diameter 1600 (50% of the distance) was intstalled. This replaced an existing open channel.
The Imst small hydro power plant originally consisted of four small hydro power plants, arranged as one main upper stage and three lower stages. It was operated by an adjacent textile company, the former Textilverarbeitungs- und Vertriebs GmbH.
For the operation of the hydro power plant water was taken from the Pigerbach stream and after the final stage the water was discharged through a tunnel directly into the River Inn.
Following the closure of the textile company, the power plants were bought by the company WEB Windenergie AG, who contracted Posch & Partners to design and supervise the rehabilitation and optimization of the plants. The main upper stage has now been rehabilitated and the three lower stages have been replaced by a single new small hydro power plant.
The upper stage was completely rehabilitated, which mainly comprised concrete repair works at the weir, the water intake and the head race channel, the electrical mechanization of all the existing gates and the full automation of the existing rack cleaner.
A new by-pass was also constructed for the upper stage to facilitate maintenance works and additional storage space was created by the construction of a new storehouse besides the existing plant.
Additional works included the installation of an automatic water level turbine control system and renewal of the energy supply and switchgear. The side walls of the stream channel behind the power house were also raised. Following the rehabilitation works the power production was enhanced and the maximum turbine power of the upper stage is 512 kW.
The automatic turbine control system for the upper stage was supplied by Andritz AG and the automatic turbine control system for the lower stage was supplied by Siemens AG. A challenge for our electrical engineers was the installing of a network between the upper- and lower stage so that automatic control was possible.
The existing water intake of the upper stage, which was built in 1912, also acts as the water intake for the lower stage. This was redesigned to ensure a (dynamic) residual flow is maintained in the stream below the water intake and a fish ladder was installed.
A base amount of 160 l/s flows through the new installed fish ladder. The discharge of the remaining base amount, which is 340 l/s during the months of May to July, flows over a newly installed roller gate. The required dynamic residual flow (15% of the water allocation) is achieved through a hydraulically controlled flushing gate at the weir. The determination of the river water flow is derived from a newly constructed residual water discharge measurement station below the surge tank and an IDM-measurement in the penstock below the surge tank. The hydraulically controlled flushing gate is operated via the PLC system installed in the power house.
The retention water level elevation is at 736.2 m.a.s.l. The consensus water amount of 5 m³/s for the existing upper stage is unchanged. The unlimited water right already conferred was not affected and remains as per the original approved form.
At the power house of the upper stage a by-pass was constructed so that in case of maintenance works on the turbines the water flows through the by-pass to the lower stage. In the power house there are three Francis turbines installed (Andritz AG, 1951). These were completely refurbished, including replacement of the guide vanes, sandblasting and repainting of the entire housing and restoration of the vane regulation.
The tailrace channel of the upper stage has a length of about 176 m, which was originally constructed as a natural, open channel. This tailrace channel was rebuilt with prefabricated concrete elements and a building at the reversal gate on the spillway was also newly constructed. This arrangement provides increased protection from floods and also permits the entire water flow to be discharged into the Pigerbach for maintenance work on the lower stage.
For the lower stage the consensus water of 2.5 m³/s (consensus of the former small hydro power plants 2, 3 and 4) was increased to 5.0 m³/s.
The water from the upper stage flows over a height of about 13 m through an 850 m long headrace to the newly constructed lower stage. (About 1595 m total length, including the upper stage) Below the lower stage water is discharged through the existing tunnel directly into the Inn.
The headrace of the lower stage consists of an existing inverted siphon under the Pigerbach, a 72 m long existing tunnel under the so-called Brennbichl and an approximately 780 m long newly constructed penstock made of fiberglass.
Before the new inverted siphon two closing gates were installed that permit the discharge of the entire water flow via the reversal gate into the Pigerbach so as to allow maintenance work on the lower unit.
The penstock is DN1800 between the end of the tunnel and the hotel Neuner and it follows over a length of 368 m the existing headrace channel (former lower stages 2 and 3). Under the hotel Neuner the penstock was installed as an inliner in an existing steel pipe DN 2200.
The penstock route between the hotel Neuner and the new powerhouse follows for a length of 366 m the existing headrace (former lower stage 4). This penstock section was constructed with GRP pipes, DN 1600. Due to the new design level of the penstock the base of the existing channel had to be removed at certain sections.
Since the existing inverted siphon is an insurmountable obstacle (smooth surface, drop height) fish could not pass this section. For this reason the existing disused by-pass channel was adapted to create a fish pass for this section.
The new power house was built at the same location as the former powerhouse of stage 4, within the municipality of the town of Imst. The exterior dimensions of the powerhouse are 13 x 10 m with a maximum height of 7 m. The shape of the roof of the powerhouse is designed in a waveform, symbolizing the energy of the water. The machine sets are 9 meters below ground level, which was necessary so as to make a connection to the existing underground discharge tunnel that leads to the River Inn. Under the current Danger Zone Plan for the Pigerbach stream the power house is located entirely within the yellow danger zone. The Pigerbach can dissipate in this section a water amount of 50 - 60 m³. In a one hundred-year flood event, which would correspond according to the hazard mapping of 120 m³/s, widespread flooding would be expected in this area. For this reason the ground level was raised around the power house and the entire engine house was also designed so that no hazard is created by groundwater or flood events.
During the construction period the dewatering of the excavation for the lower stage was very difficult due to the high groundwater level resulting from the proximity of the Pigerbach and the River Inn. Evidence for the fact that the entire project is in an area vulnerable to flooding is also substantiated by flood events in the years 2001 and 2005.
The powerhouse contains not only the turbine room, but also space for the switchgear and transformer, a workshop / storage room, a rest room for staff, a kitchen, a wash area and space for maintenance works in the turbine room. There is also a small museum which is used to exhibit the old power plant equipment of the former three lower stages.
The electromechanical equipment of the newly constructed lower stage consists of a Kaplan bulb turbine at 712.40 m.a.s.l. (turbine shaft) and a three-phase synchronous generator (rated output ~ 700 kVA). The turbine was developed by Kössler, the generator was supplied from the company Hitzinger and the control system comes from the Siemens AG.
Discharge water flows through the existing tunnel from the former lower stage 3 (Length 348 m, constructed in 1918) directly into the Inn. The tunnel ends at a level of 709.5 m.a.s.l.
In front of the tunnel a new stilling basin was built with a ventilation shaft. This ventilation shaft also allows access to the tunnel from above.
Review of the feasibility studies and designs for the rehabilitation of the water supply systems of Blantyre (820,000 people) and Lilongwe (670,000 people) including the proposed extension of the service area to low-income areas.
Field inspection and assessment of the technical condition of the water production, transmission and distribution facilities. Preparation of an investment plan and an application for the ACP-EU Water Facility.
Works were to be implemented through a private sector service contract. Preparation of Terms of Reference for the transaction advisor.
Preparation of an outline of the private sector service contract for operation of water kiosks and private operation and maintenance of small distribution districts in low-income areas.
Preparation of a concept for the support of basic sanitation in low-income areas, including using a participatory approach and education in health and hygiene.
The project comprises full supervisory services of 5 smaller municipal infrastructure projects with a total investment volume of EUR 3.4 million. The task was performing the functions and duties of the “Supervisor” according to FIDIC conditions of contract and EU procedures. The services included administration and supervision of the various works contract, set-up of the necessary organisation to ensure efficient administration and satisfactory completion of the works, to ensure timely implementation and efficient use of financial resources.
Short summary of the 5 sub-projects:
Kistanje water supply: replacement of a damaged transmission main from Kistanje to Macure Pumping Station incl. construction of a 1,800m long DN300 and a 3,400m DN250 main.
Skabrnja – Zemunik Water Supply: construction of appox. 1,300m DN400 and 11,700m DN80-400 water distribution network.
Marici channel: reconstruction of the Marici drainage channel of approx. 1,645m
Podi Business Zone: construction of roads and all services for the first 20 ha of a business zone in Podi, including approx. 1.4 km of roads, 2.5 km water distribution system, 2.2 km wastewater sewer and a package treatment plant, 3 km of rainwater drainage system with oil separator, 2.7 km electricity cable network incl. 4 transformers and street lighting system with 76 lighting poles.
Mandalina Office complex – refurbishment of the former “Remont” complex to provide office facilities.
Assessment of the existing institutional and legal framework and formulation of proposals for a national renewable energy strategy.
Project evaluation of existing small hydropower projects and geothermal water supply for the capital city, Tbilisi.
Selection of 6 small hydropower plants for detailed design and implementation.
Training of local personnel and institutional capacity building.
The Autonomous Republic of Adjara is located in the southwest of Georgia and has been politically and economically isolated since the early nineties. This has led to a sever deterioration of water and wastewater infrastructure and to weak local institutions.
The project objective was to assist the Government of Adjara in the development of a coherent and comprehensive long-term concept for reforms of the water sector. As part of this, the developments and major deficits of the water sector were identified and the involved stakeholders were supported in defining necessary and reasonable reform steps.
The project aimed at identifying and formulating bankable projects in the sectors of water supply, sewerage, wastewater treatment and flood protection. Projects had to be technically, financially and economically feasibly and must be socially affordable to the final beneficiaries. The majority were also designed in a way that they are also eligible for co-financing by EU funds, like ISPA, IPA and others.
The project includes the development of a tariff model which features the calculation of fully cost covering tariffs, socially affordable tariffs for household customers, the calculation of the financing gap in compliance with the EU CBA-guidelines and financial and economic analyses.
Firstly, the project aims at the controlled treatment of the wastewater emerging from the Jasenovo hospital. In a previous study it was decided that for that purpose a constructed wetland shall be installed. The wetland is of a subsurface-vertical-flow type with intermittent loading including mechanical pre-treatment. Services included assessment, detailed design, tendering and construction supervision
Secondly, a feasibility study concerning the water supply of the municipality of Čaška was part of the project. A detailed assessment of the existing situation was undertaken. The findings were used to define the optimum solution taking water quality, security of supply and economical aspects into account.
The irrigated land in Kazakhstan has reduced in area by about a half compared to the times of the Former Soviet Union period. A law on rural consumer cooperatives of water users was adopted in April 2003 and a new water law was approved in July 2004, permitting the foundation of water user groups. The project aimed at supporting the country to put these laws into practice in the existing water user cooperatives by introducing water use fees and puttling in place international best practice for their organisation and management.
The aim of the project is the completion of the partly constructed Yntymak (Intumak) reservoir at the Nura river in Central Kazakhstan. Construction of the dam was started in the 1980s but spillway and ancillary village protection dams were never completed. The reservoir acted as pollution trap as mercury contaminated sediments settled in the reservoir. A dam safety study revealed unsatisfactory condition of the main dam.
The dam must be rehabilitated, the missing reservoir structures as the spillway and the village protection dams must be constructed in order to gain from an operational water reservoir for the future water supply to Astana and for the Korgalzhyn nature reserve.
The aim of the project is the review of feasibility studies of water supply, waste water and solid waste projects in Turkey from an economic, technical, and environmental standpoint.
The Consultant had to ensure
- that the most economic option has been selected for investments, taking into account demand projections and affordability of tariffs.
- that the technical solution proposed is feasible.
- that the environmental benefits, as estimated in the feasibility study, are realistic.
- the validity of the financial analyses made in these reports.
A further task was the preparation of a list of the investments on a priority basis, which was established according to international standards and on base of close cooperation with the World Bank and the Iller Bank.
For the water supply, sewerage and storm water drainage projects:
The EAR in its programme 'Development of Wastewater Treatment Programme in Kosovo' had selected Lipjan for the possible construction of a wastewater treatment plant (9.000 PE). The aim of the project was to prepare an outline design, drawings and estimated quantities of works, in order to enable the EAR to invite bids for construction of the works. The foreseen investment for this project phase was limited to the construction of a mechanical treatment train and to primary sludge treatment facilities.
Water supply and wastewater services in the country are currently managed by over 30 water utilities. The utilities are strongly engineering oriented. The national water sector concept foresees the consolidation of them to about 4 utilities which shall become be financially viable. There is need to develop sound customer oriented policies and programs which respond to the needs of customers, particularly women who are the main water user and deal primarily with the utilities.
The project aims as finalising the consolidation process, strengthen the utilities capacity in billing and collection activities, decrease of non-revenue water, establish contacts with utilities in the EU, establish cooperation with the water & wastewater regulatory office and improve customer services by considering the gender aspect.
Batumi, the fourth largest city in Georgia, is the capital of the autonomous Republic of Adjara. The water supply situation was unsatisfactory with per capita production rates of 900l/c,d, necessary to cover the demand including losses. The existing sewer system was also in poor condition and a source of serious contamination during regular flooding events.
The aim of the feasibility study was to ensure that the envisaged investments were directed towards the most urgent issues and used most efficiently. The study included first an assessment phase regarding water supply services, wastewater disposal, economic and institutional performance of the water utility, and economic capacity, as well as the needs on the side of consumers. To assess the socio-economic base parameters of the consumers, a household survey was conducted. The water supply system was assessed by hydraulic modelling, with leak detection and flow and pressure measurement campaigns carried out. The sewer system was assessed by manhole inspection and CCTV.
The aim of the project was the development of operational guidelines for the Yntumak reservoir. The reservoir is located on the Nura river in Central Kazakhstan downstream of the Temirtau - Karaganda industrial area. Since its construction the reservoir had acted as a sediment trap for pollution being transported by the Nura River. Mercury contamination in particular had accumulated in the reservoir and the reservoir prevented most of the polluted sediments from drifting further downstream, so limiting the extent of the contamination.
Focus was therefore drawn on the existing mercury contamination in the reservoir, i.e in the bottom sediments in relation to sediment management. As the dam structure was not yet finished, recommendations on the future design of the dam, outlet and spillway structure were also made, so as to guarantee minimal impact on the stakeholders and the environment.
The project comprises full supervisory services of 5 smaller municipal infrastructure projects with a total investment volume of EUR 2.3 million. The task was performing the functions and duties of the “Supervisor” according to FIDIC conditions of contract and EU procedures. The services included administration and supervision of the various works contract, set-up of the necessary organisation to ensure efficient administration and satisfactory completion of the works, to ensure timely implementation and efficient use of financial resources.
Short summary of the 5 sub-projects:
Lisičić Water Supply: High density polyethylene (HDPE) water transmission main approximately 1.3km of 355mm dia, 2.1km of 315mm dia. in a existing partially excavated trench, completion of a booster pumping station including all mechanical and electrical equipment.
Podgradina Water Supply: 150mm dia. HDPE transmission main approximately 3.3km long and a 250 cu.m. reinforced concrete reservoir and access road approximately 230m long.
Skradin Wastewater system: construction of a wastewater pumping station (output 15-17l/sec), 180mm dia. HDPE pumping main approximately 0.46km long and wastewater treatment plant (based on the activated sludge process) and 200mm dia. HDPE effluent pipe approximately 1.0km long, to serve a population equivalent of 2,600.
Piramatovci Water Supply: Water distribution system approximately 4.4 km of pipelines (1” – 250mm dia.)
Promina Water Supply: 125mm dia. HDPE distribution main approximately 10km long to serve the villages of Matase, Zelići and Marasovine.
New legal documents required the Committee for Water Resources of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan to take up an increasing number of tasks. Investment budgets handled by the Committee had increased by more than four times since 2002. The very limited human resource capacity and the current status of the Committee created strong barriers to the efficient management and implementation of those tasks.
In consideration of this, ADB had extended a TA program, for increasing the organizational capacity of the CWR. The main objective of this TA was to strengthen the organizational potential of the CWR, taking into account the increased volume of works during recent years, connected with the implementation of the budget programs and the execution of the many new normative documents with respect to water sector management
The main objective of the Project was to improve the living and health conditions in selected rural communities, in particular for the poor, through the provision of basic water supply and sanitation services. The Project aimed to achieve its objectives by assisting the central and local governments in delivering WSS infrastructure services and improving the technical and financial capacity of local governments and water consumer groups in the planning, implementation, and O&M of facilities. The project area covered the three oblasts of Akmola, North-Kazakhstan, and South-Kazakhstan and included about 500 villages, with populations ranging from 200 to 6,000 persons. Overall, about 530,000 people, of whom approximately 40% were living below the poverty line, benefited directly from the Project through the provision of potable quality piped water supply facilities, improved wastewater drainage facilities, school and private latrines, and public bath houses.
Physical infrastructure development:
The aim of the project was the review of feasibility studies of water supply, waste water and solid waste projects in Turkey from an economic, technical, and environmental standpoint.
The Consultant had to ensure that the most economic option had been selected for investments, taking into account demand projections and affordability of tariffs. Also, ensured that the technical solution proposed was feasible, that the environmental benefits, as estimated in the feasibility study, were realistic and checked the validity of the financial analyses made in the reports.
A further task was the preparation of a list of the investments on a priority basis, which was established according to international standards and with close cooperation with the World Bank and the Iller Bank.
In the overall context of the Aral sea region development program, the KfW decided to support the Cities of Kasalinsk and Novokasalinsk regarding their water supply systems. In 2004 Gelsenwasser AG, together with its partners, won the respective tender.
The project comprised the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the water supply system as well as technical operational and economical support for the local operator Vodokanal. In the first phase the water treatment plant and significant parts of the distribution network were rehabilitated, and additional areas were connected to the existing system. Based on this upgrading of the water supply system, Gelsenwasser AG supported Vodokanal to operate the system in terms of a modern and efficient utility.
The main focus of the assistance measures were training and education of the local personnel, introduction of metering and billing, introduction of international accounting procedures, establishment of costumer relation services and the development of a sustainable maintenance and repair program.
KfW had supported the Municipality of Kakanj in the rehabilitation of the entire water supply system. The project included the rehabilitation of the water treatment plant, construction of new storage capacity, reduction of water losses, construction of new distribution lines and installation of water meters.
In order to ensure the sustainability of these capital investments, KfW granted to ViK Kakanj a technical assistance project.
The project should strengthen the capacity of ViK staff, to provide training in the operation and maintenance of the new equipment, to strengthen the entire communal billing and revenue collection cycle, to raise public awareness and the image of ViK and finally to achieve cost coverage.
The aim of the project was to provide the outline design, drawings, technical specifications and estimated quantities of work to enable the EAR to let a contract for the construction of the works. Based on previous study reports the treatment process applied Imhoff tanks and biological treatment by trickling filters. Sludge treatment was undertaken by a static sludge thickener and sludge drying beds.
The project included the assessment of the existing infrastructure for urban water and sanitation system of 7 selected towns with a total population of about 320,000. To upgrade existing systems the most economic and efficient measures within an emergency investment program for the subsequent period of about 4 years were specified.
The water utility “Hidrosistemi Radoniqi” supplies a population of 160,000 capita in the Western region of Kosovo. The utility was managed under a management contract financed by the World Bank, which expired in January 2005. KfW, as the main donor in the water sector in the South West of the Country intended to take over the management contract and contracted Posch & Partners to collect data and assess the situation on site, on the basis of which the new project would be designed.
The remediation design of the mercury contaminated river Nura, including flood plains, river banks and the former sludge disposal site Zhaur Swamp. An estimated 2 Mio m³ of contaminated soil have to be excavated and transported to a safe landfill site.
The town of Sanski Most had received financial support from the European Union for the construction of a completely new water treatment plant and water storage facilities. The institutional support program was formulated to ensure the sustainability of this investment. The program comprised the improvement of the internal utility organisation; the introduction of computer based billing and revenue collection system; measures to improve the revenue collection ratio; an image and public awareness building campaign; a program for reduction of non-revenue water; and the preparation of a tariff model, with assistance in tariff setting and in the political acceptance of new tariffs.
The aim of the project was the validation of the Government’s financing plans for the water and wastewater sectors, taking into account the experience of other EU members and accession countries with regards to the need of public sector financing, use of EU grants, and flow of private capital.
A detailed review of existing water legislation and policy was performed, including a comparison with other European countries. The current status with regard to achieving the requirements for joining the EU and the various financing mechanisms were assessed.
Feasibility study to ensure reliable water supply to the city of Burrel and the connected villages.
Identification of alternative options for sewage treatment works, including centralised versus de-centralised solutions, and appropriate treatment technologies for all major towns in the country. Description of alternatives and ranking of measures which could be accomplished within the given budget ceiling. Definition of additional funding required to achieve higher levels of treatment.
Technical assistance for the preparation of a NEAP. Identification of priority environmental problems through regional and national workshops, followed by priority ranking and formulation of an action plan. Review of existing drafts, provision of assistance and guidance on project methodology and formulation of priority sustainable projects.
Inventory and assessment of all SHP plants in Armenia. Selection of 6 existing SHP plants and pre-feasibility studies for their rehabilitation. Design of setting-up of a revolving investment fund to finance renewable energy projects in Armenia. Guidelines for implementation of support by private industry.
The Kakanj Utility was not any more in a position to provide a 24-hour supply. The system was affected from frequent break-downs, instable supply and poor water quality.
A rehabilitation program was agreed with KfW, comprising the complete rehabilitation of the system. This includes first an inventory and assessment of the complete system, the identification of deficiencies and shortcomings and as a result of this, the formulation of the rehabilitation measures. The original concept foresaw the rehabilitation and expansion of a groundwater source. An extensive well test was carried out, showing that this source was insufficient in capacity and could not sustain the required water quality at large quantities. Consequently, the rehabilitation of an old and deteriorated surface water source became necessary.
The rehabilitation works finally included the construction of a new surface water intake, sand trap, complete conventional water treatment plant for a capacity of 130 l/s, including chemical operation building, the rehabilitation of a groundwater source, rehabilitation of 180km transmission and distribution lines, replacing house connections, metering of all connections, a new SCADA system, optimisation of the treatment plant process and training of staff. The project further includes institutional support to the water utility, preparation of a tariff model and presentation of the results in front of the Municipal Council.
Joint research project with the German Research Centre 'Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe' for the recovery of Phosphates from wastewaters, based on crystallisation on calcites or tobermorits. The objective was to develop an economic and practicable process technology.
The municipal water supply system of Sanski Most was based on a large carstic spring source. Water turbidity was generally moderate, but increased to high values subsequent to precipitation events. A 150 l/s water treatment plant was constructed comprising full conventional treatment, including sludge treatment, to ensure guaranteed production of WHO quality drinking water. The project was financed by the EU OBNOVA program. P&P provided project management and construction supervision.
Elaboration of a concept and general layout for recovery of phosphate by means of a combination of the biological side stream process “Phostrip” with crystallisation of the dissolved phosphates on Tobermorit minerals. For the concept and the general design, cost estimates for investments and operation costs were prepared and a cost benefit analysis was carried out. The concept is an innovative approach developed by P&P.
The project aims were the improvement of the existing water supply and sewerage systems of the hospital and the village Izvor. A detailed assessment revealed that spring tapping, transmission lines and reservoir needed to be replaced, new disinfection facilities had to be installed and sections of the distribution and sewerage system had to be rehabilitated. Services included assessment, detailed design, tendering, construction supervision and tariff calculation, with a model for cost splitting for the different consumers.
The specific objective of the project is to improve the standard of the water sector in the town of Mazeikiai, Lithuania’s eighth largest city, and bring it to EU levels. The major investment shall be the new construction of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to treat the city’s wastewater. Since the financial ceiling for this ISPA project is preliminarily limited with approx. EUR 5.8 million, additional measures in the sewage collection system and/or in the water distribution network will receive limited ISPA support. Hence, in order to optimise resources and impacts a 20-year “Water Sector Masterplan” will be an integral part of the “Feasibility Study”. It will be divided into short (0-4 years), medium (5-9 years) and long-term (10-20 years) investment plans. The project proposed for ISPA support shall belong to the short-term investment programme.
Assessment of perceptions, market interest and barriers of the private sector, International Financing Institutions (IFIs) and donors to enhance their engagement in municipal water services in Central & Eastern Europe and Central Asian Countries. A survey was carried out among the key donors, private operators and IFIs on the market, based on questionnaires and personal interviews. The results were analysed and presented at the PSP conference organised by the World Bank in Paris in 2002. A conference write-up was prepared and published, in which the results of the study and of the conference were summarised.
River basin study for the major river basins of Kazkahstan. Project work was carried out in close cooperation with local experts. After determination of the key data of the river basins, regional workshops were conducted in each river basin, with extensive stakeholder participation, to identify the priority problems. These problems were then ranked according to criteria and then converted into priority projects using standard project data sheets. More than 70 priority projects were identified and then presented at senior Government level to create awareness. Short video films were also prepared and disseminated for information sharing.
The objective of the project was to enhance the commercial and organisational performance of the utlity, so as to make it sustainable and creditworthy for future water supply and sewerage improvements and expansions. Technical assistance was provided for the management and operation of the water utility Tesanj, including inputs in the areas of personnel management, operations procedures, institutional capacity enhancement, transparent tariff setting, public awareness building and advisory services towards PSP.
Atyrau is the administrative centre of oil exploration in Kazakhstan and is of high importance. The water supply system of the town was in poor condition and affected by the high salinity of the soil and lack of maintenance and replacement investments. Atyrau was included in the North-East Water Supply Project, which was planned to be implemented in form of a management contract. The study formed the basis for the operator to start work on site and to have a clear view of the priority investments to be made.
The existing plant, designed for a capacity of 30,000 PE, was extended to a capacity of 60,000 PE, with full enhanced biological nutrient removal. In order to allow the use of existing tank volume the LINDPORR C process combined with the biological side stream process PHOSTRIP were applied. The project included detailed design, procurement, construction supervision and start-up of the plant.
Water shortage had become a problem critical to the well-being of the population and the development of the fast growing city of Sanliurfa (population greater than one million). Several financiers were implementing projects in the water supply system of the region, e.g. a tunnel diverting water from the Ataturk reservoir for irrigation and water supply purpose and a raw water intake and treatment plant with a capacity of 300,000m³/day. Works on the above projects had already commenced and therefore measures had to be implemented urgently in the water distribution system of the town itself.
A complete new water supply system was financed and implemented through this project. This comprised water treatment, transmission and distribution networks. The transmission system consisted of 5 new reservoirs, each of a volume of 20.000 m3, 35 km of primary distribution mains, cathodic protection equipment and 4 pumping stations, with an installed power between 200 kW and 1.400 kW.
- Construction supervision
- Capacity building for management and maintenance
Tender Evaluation (voting member) of the project 'Extension of the existing waste water treatment plant for the town Trebic', the Czech Republic. The planned waste water treatment plant was designed using mechanical-biological treatment, with activation, nitrification and denitrification, anaerobic sludge stabilisation and chemical phosphorus coagulation. Designed WWTP capacity was 12.000 m³ per day.
Batllava Pumping Station supplied 80% of the Population of Pristina, (400.000 p.e.) with a capacity of 1000l/s at a rated power consumption of 1.5 MW. The project included a feasibility study, detailed design, preparation of tender documents and tender evaluation according to PRAG for the rehabilitation of the pumping station.
Feasibility study into the proposal for a 34 km long water supply system to supply water to a number of towns with a combined population exceeding 150,000. The technical viability was assessed, including calculations of demand, the production of preliminary designs and environmental impact assessment. Financial analysis and risk assessments were also carried out, along with tariff calculations.
Assessment of the stability of the incomplete earth fill dam with a storage capacity of 250 Million m3. Determination of the requirements and feasibility to rehabilitate, complete and convert the irrigation dam into a permanently filled storage dam, with multi purpose functions of water supply for the capital Astana, hydropower production, recreation, fishing and irrigation purposes.
Sustainable improvement of the water supply and sanitation situation in smaller touristic municipalities on the Turkish Mediterranean coast was considered essential for future development.
The project consisted of a pilot and market study for Adrasan in order to address the growing infrastructural needs of 14 smaller towns. The study examined sanitary deficits and emerging environmental impacts of the prevailing sanitary situation in the cities, considering the extremely high demand patterns in the summer season.
Phase I: Reconstruction and augmentation of the war damaged water supply system, including additional spring tapings, installation of water treatment facilities and water reduction campaign. Improvement of the sanitary situation by construction of eco sanitation toilets (urine diversion dehydration toilets). Establishment of a water committee, which was responsible for the system and preparation of business plans. The services provided comprised design, construction supervision and technical assistance.
Phase II: Project Management for the improvement and extension of the existing water supply to a full piped system. The project includes extensive hydro-geological studies and geophysical investigations to explore suitable water sources for the Blace settlement. Introduction of the Ecosan toilet technology for faecal and wastewater disposal and construction of several pilot units in Vranic and Blace.
Phase III: Detail design, preparation of tender documents and construction supervision for the extension of the existing water supply system Blace to the Mahallas Sekoli, Fanghu, Bajaktari and lower Blace. The project includes investments into 3 reservoirs, each 150 m3, 3 wells, a bosster pumping station and 2 chlorintaion stations, 9 km of primary an secondary distribution lines as well as 500 house connections.
The project also includes institutional support to the water commitee and preparation of a transfer to the public water utility Prizren-Suha Reka.
Eurolakes wanted to improve the current strategies concerning the long-term management, short-term pollution control, and integrated monitoring regarding deep European lakes and their catchments areas. Project activities could lead to recommendations for European legislation and the EU Water Framework Directive concerning an integrated water management approach. These efforts were supported by specific scientific investigations to describe the seasonal dynamics and quantification of key limnological processes and parameters in deep European lakes. Sets of criteria to substantiate ecological water and ecosystem quality targets for lakes and their surrounding areas were established and a recommended generalized structure of a dedicated lake/catchment model regarding these important water bodies was elaborated.
Assessment study for the rehabilitation of the water supply and sanitation systems for the minor urban centres of Namaacha, Moamba, Ressano Garcia, Buzi and Chibabava. The objectives of the study were to identify the damages caused by the heavy rains and floods of February/March 2000 to the systems, to formulate an immediate rehabilitation program, including technical specification and drawings, and to review the medium and long term rehabilitation measures necessary. In addition, management and operation & maintenance practices were assessed and suggestions for improvement made.
The existing 25,000 PE WWTP designed for carbon removal and nitrification was extended to allow denitrification and enhanced biological P removal for a maximum design load of 50,000 PE. Additionally the excess sludge line was extended by an additional digester and dewatering equipment.
Man imposes a variety of physical changes on water courses, such as channelization and land drainage. The ecological consequences can be manifold, one example being the obstruction of faunal migration and a reduction in biodiversity resulting from these human activities and impacts on the environment. This project consisted of the restoration of the Inzinger Lacke, a channalized tributary that was disconnected by a non-return gate from the river Inn, the main river system in Tirol. The main objectives were the reintegration of the tributary into the fluvial system and the restructuring and restoration of the riparian zone, including re-vegetation planning, in order to re-establish up- and downstream migration of aquatic organisms. Based on this, a modern ecological orientated fishery management program could be formulated.
Pre-feasibility study for development of SHP plant
General assessment of the infrastructure facilities in the water, wastewater and solid waste sectors in the country, including waste reduction programmes, residual waste treatment, waste splitting strategies and composting. Further the establishment of potential for direct investment projects in these sectors.
Preliminary assessment and evaluation of water resources and the existing water infrastructure in the north-eastern region of Kazakhstan. The project examined the growing gap between supply and demand for municipal and industrial water services, the status of water pollution, the low efficiency of these services and low cost recovery, resulting from service inefficiency and inadequate tariffs.
End-of-project evaluation of this project financed by UNOPS and supported by EU Phare and Tacis. Review of the project concept and underlying assumptions, assessment of the project effectiveness, progress made and impact achieved. Also responsible for financial aspects of the project and the establishment of an environmental trust fund.
Greece needed to import substantial amount of electric energy, therefore a program for the development of small hydropower schemes through private investors was launched by the government.
This project consisted of the assessement of hydropower potential in the provinces of Epirus and Macedonia.
Rehabilitation and efficiency improvement of the existing and outdated 50 kW SHP design and preparation of tender documents.
Development of a 1 MW hydropower plant in the central region of Bosnia for the supply of a local village with electric energy and to feed excess energy into the public grid.
The chemical and industrial complex of Sumgait had caused severe environmental pollution. UNOPS had drafted a project for environmental rehabilitation of the complex with plans for future pollution mitigation.
As part of this, a mid term project evaluation of the project was carried out, with P&P being in charge of the financial aspects including questions of project sustainability and the need of establishing an environmental trust fund.
Mid term project evaluation, including:
Development of a 1.5 MW hydropower plant for private investors.
Georgia suffered from serious electricity shortages. For the modern ski and tourist resort in Gudauri reliable and sufficient electricity supply was of great importance to its continued survival and development. Therefore it was planned to implement two small hydropower plants, Gudauri 1 and Gudauri 2, with a capacity of 1.2 and 7.5 MW.
In totally about 55 GWh could be produced over one year.
Preparation of a 5 year and a long term master plan for the development of the provincial capital Shenyang. The city was dominated by heavy industry causing heavy pollution, had a high population growth rate and high levels of unemployment. The city was looking for new development strategy with a sound and sustainable environmental basis.
For the newly founded Municipality of Krivogastani (formed by a total of 24 settlements in the Pelagonian Flatland) a green field minor urban water supply and sewerage project was prepared.
The project comprised the development of a general water supply concept for a group water supply system for 7 villages with a total population of close to 10.000 inhabitants, and a corresponding wastewater disposal concept for the entire Pelagonain flatland.
The detailed design for the water supply system consisted of ground water production, treatment, transmission, storage, distribution and house connections. The detailed design for the wastewater project included house connections, collectors, interceptors and a biological wastewater treatment plant.
A further project component covered technical assistance for the establishment of a public enterprise, selection of staff, set up of organisation, assistance in management and preparation of business plans for the newly founded water utility
Identification of existing barriers hampering the rehabilitation and development of small hydropower plants in the country, including suggestions for their removal.
In Phase II detailed assessment for the rehabilitation and upgrading of 4 existing small hydropower plants, including selling of the produced energy to the communities and to industrial enterprises. The development of the 4 plants served as a show case (pilot projects) which could be duplicated by local private investors.
Development of the 400 kW hydropower plant on the basis of public private partnership, integrated in the existing water supply system.
Construction supervision of water and wastewater facilities for 5 Albanian towns. The main objective of the project was the supply of clean water to 5 Albanian towns. In addition, the piping to and from several waste water facilities in the project region had to be replaced. P&P provided technical assistance and carried out design, production of tender documents, construction management and supervision.
The name GAP means “Southeast-Anatolian Project” (Turkish for für Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesi). The project comprised a feasibility study for waste water and solid waste disposal alternatives applicable for 10 cities in Southeast Anatolia and definition of a GIS for the city of Diyarbakir. The project area covered 75,000 km2 with a population of 6.0 million. Technical assistance was provided to the Project Management Unit of GAP by developing a strategy for wastewater management in the area, including studies on alternative waste water treatments such as land treatment. An assessment study for solid waste management was carried out including the formulation of 6 projects for sanitary land fills and transfer stations. Also, design / tendering of landfill sites and transfer stations, design of water treatment facilities, design of non-revenue water reduction programme for several towns and rehabilitation and upgrading of 30 drinking water systems have been developed.
Project identification, project formulation and project appraisal for the assistance programme of the Government of Austria to several towns in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the sectors of water supply, waste water and solid waste for the fiscal years 1998 to 2000.
Rehabilitation of water supply systems for 6 selected towns due to war damages. Evaluation of the demand for repair of the pipe network, pumping stations and treatment plants, delivery of tools. Preparation of tender documents and cost estimation.
The Regional Water Company (Veika) of Kjustendil was responsible for water supply, sewerage and waste water treatment for eight municipalities in the region. The population supplied was over 130,000.
The previously fully state owned water company had been recently restructured. To assist the young company in the planning of investments and future operations, a feasibility study was carried out under the supervision of The World Bank and the PMU of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction in Sofia. Main objectives were to assess the present status of the water supply and waste water facilities as well as the organisation of Veika, on the basis of this to formulate a three year investment programme and to improve the water and waste water facilities and the efficiency of Veika.
The Deriner Dam and Hydropower Project was constructed on the Coruh River in the north-eastern part of Turkey and consisted of a 260m high arch dam (3rd highest in the world at the time) and a hydropower plant with 600 MW installed capacity.
Technical assistance in the preparation and formulation of the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) and Local EAPs for the Republic of Kazakhstan. Work carried out included data collection and data evaluation, the identification and assessment of hot spots, evaluation of environmental impacts and possible solutions for remediation and clean-up projects.
In addition, an assessment of the institutional situation was carried out, assistance was provided in the priority setting process, mitigation projects were evaluated economically, and an action plan was prepared. Also, the NEAP prepared by the local experts was reviewed. Final results were presented at senior Government level workshops.
The World Bank provided support to the country’s rural water supply sector by paying utmost attention to community based integration and approachs. This included wells equipped with hand pumps and other simple isolated water supply systems that were constructed solely by community participation. For water supply systems of small towns, simple centralized systems were introduced. To enable the involvement of local contractors, who lacked the capacity to deal with complicated and complex contracts, a standard contract document was required together with standard specifications and corresponding drawings.
Posch & Partners were commissioned to prepare such documents, covering a wide variety of technical solutions and split up into different volumes, which could be put together into a single document suitable for each particular case.
GTZ provided assistance to the Small Hydropower Development Organization (SHYDO) for the preparation of feasibility studies and the construction of one small hydropower plant as a pilot project, a 4 MW plant at Reshun in the Citral Region.
P&P supplied technical assistance by providing the Team Leader for Civil Engineering, with the main responsibility of pushing the implementation of the pilot project and securing technical assistance and construction management for the local companies involved. The Team Leader was also actively engaged in the preparation of feasibility studies for a number of small to large dimensioned hydropower plants in the country.
Provided civil engineering Team Leader for:
Construction of a 7.000 PE wastewater treatment plant with application of Phostrip II process combined with simultaneous sludge stabilisation. Services comprised project design, detailed design, tendering, construction supervision and process optimisation.
Assessment of present situation, evaluation of the possibilities to add 6 to 8 small hydro power plants to the existing water supply system for the city of Blagoevgrad. Provision of guidelines for privatization.
Design flow: 26,0m³/s
Actual power output: 1.389kW
Average annual energy production: 9.638.000kWh
Cross head: 7,60m
The Potsdamer Hütte is a mountain shelter with full board facilities in the Stubaier Alps in Tyrol at an elevation of 2012 m.a.s.l. The present water sources do not comply with the regulations concerning the quality as well as the quantity. Also the civil structures at the spring have to be rehabilitated.
A hydrological study was carried out as well as bacteriological investigations on the water and proposals for improvement determined.
Also a precipitation run-off model will be made to establish possible hydro power potential to supply the mountain shelter with electric energy.
The main wastewater treatment plant of Darmstadt could not cope any more with the new legal requirements and the present wastewater organisation. Consequently, complete rehabilitation of the old plant and augmentation to a capacity of 300,000 people equivalent was commenced in 1992, capable of eliminating Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Due to the excellent results previously obtained at the Eberstadt plant, the Phostrip-process was also selected for Phosphorous elimination at Darmstadt.
35 water supply schemes (Area A and Area B) were rehabilitated and extended under this World Bank project. The schemes needed urgent replacement of electro-mechanical equipment and rehabilitation of civil structures. Comprehensive planning studies were carried out for all 20 water works, including groundwater studies and hydro-geological investigations, to determine the long run least cost rehabilitation solutions. This was followed by detailed design of all systems, preparation of tender documents and construction supervision. Construction works were co-financed by three different donors. This required special inputs and flexibility, to satisfy each of them regarding their special financing and administrative conditions.
A pre-feasibility study was carried out for the three possible sites and the Rangjung alternative in East Bhutan was selected. For the feasibility study and the detailed design all available hydrological data was collected, evaluated and computerized. The results are based on extensive topographical, hydrological and geological survey and comprise power generation, transmission and distribution. The final design included static calculations of civil and hydro steel works. Tender documents were prepared. The 1100 kW plant with a head of170 m included a Tyrolean weir intake with settlement basin and a power conduit partly within a tunnel.
The Himalayan villages Namche Bazar, Khunde and Khumjung, situated about 3.500 - 3.900 m.a.s.l., had became a tourist centre, with the associated benefits and impacts. For health reasons, the provision of drinking water to the local population and for tourists had become an urgent requirement, as the existing supply was unsatisfactory. In addition to improving the drinking water supply, new sewerage and waste water treatment facilities were also constructed.
The electrification of Namche Bazar and the adjacent villages Khunde, Khumjung and Thamo was of fundamental importance for the survival and development of the whole region, as no other form of energy was available in the future due to deforestation.
The plant, with a capacity of 600 kW and a net head of 210 m, was located at an elevation of 4000 m.a.s.l. and was not accessible by road (140 km distance to the next road connection).
The project not only covered the energy production; it started at the spring in the glacier region and ended at the kitchen stoves and heating systems in the Sherpa houses. New concepts for efficient energy utilization were developed, with also the necessary infrastructures to operate, maintain, repair and expand the system in the future. The planning and implementation of drinking water, biological waste water treatment and waste disposal was also included in this project.